CROATS - CRAZY RED/WHITE SQUARES
Here in this game, dear allies and worthy opponents, we meet on the battlefield every day. Some of you we call brothers and some of you we look through a rifle barrel but how many of you really knows us.
I know that everyone think for themselves that they are the best, the strongest and the smartest, and that is the reason why it is hard for me to speak about croats but I will try to be as objective as I can be.
General data you can find everywhere on the internet (we are mainly touristic mediteranian country with lots of natural beauties, lots of geographical diversities, great amount od arhitectural beauties from different places in time. We offer a rich cuisine with excellent wines and probably the best olive oil in the world, but the crown jewel that we are truly proud of are 1400 islands and beautiful coast. Everyone is delighted with ours beautiful girls and if you visit us sometime you will notice that we are very friendly and hospitable nation) but I dont' want to talk about that.
There are some facts about us that are not well known and you might find them interesting.
There are great nations that are contributed to the world civilization and progress in many fields but there are also smaller countries that contributed to. One of that smaller country is Croatia and their people. I proudly present you some of the Croats that contributed to our society with their inventions.
TIE, necktie or cravat (croatian - kravata)
You probably use it in many situations, or occasionally but have you ever ask yourself who invented it. Now you know the answer. Croats.
The necktie traces back to the time of Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) when Croatian mercenaries from the Military Frontier in French service, wearing their traditional small, knotted neckerchiefs, aroused the interest of the Parisians. Due to the slight difference between the Croatian word for Croats, Hrvati, and the French word, Croates, the garment gained the name "Cravat".
The inventor Faust Vrančić (1551–1617) examined da Vinci's parachute sketch, and set out to implement one of his own. He kept the square frame, but replaced the canopy with a bulging sail-like piece of cloth which he came to realize decelerates the fall more effectively. A now-famous depiction of a parachute that he dubbed Homo Volans (Flying Man) appeared in his book on mechanics, Machinae Novae (1595), alongside a number of other devices and technical concepts. In 1617, Vrančić implemented his design and tested the parachute by jumping from a tower in Venice. The event was documented some thirty years later by John Wilkins, founder and secretary of the Royal Society in London.
Faus Vrančić was born in Šibenik and lived in Venetian Republic but he was Croat and not Venetian how some wants to present him, they gave him even a Venetian name Fausto Veranzio but now you know. Parachute was invented in Venetian Republik by the Croat. There are some designs before this one but only as a sketch not real invention, built and tested.
Supplemental: first wingsuit designed for general public was designed by Croat Robert Pečnik and Jari Kuosma of Finland. Many people populary called bird man died in attempt to design safe wingsuit.
1891: Ivan Vučetić born in Hvar, lived in Argentina as chief police officier, created the first fingerprints file, associating the fingerprints to the anthropometric system of Alphonse Bertillon (1853–1914, France) who had created in 1879 a system to identify individuals by their mensurations and also introduced anthropometric photographs, before adding fingerprints to the whole.
In 1892 Vučetić made the first positive identification of a criminal in a case where Francisca Rojas had killed her two sons and then cut her throat, trying to put the blame on the outside attacker. A bloody print identified her as the killer.
He pioneered the use of fingerprinting.
Ivan Vukić from Rijeka, Croat, officer in Austrian Monarchy navy invented the first working prototype of the modern self-propelled torpedo.
(18 May 1711 – 13 February 1787) was a physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, Jesuit, and according to some a polymath from Ragusa (today Dubrovnik, in Croatia).
His atomic theory, given as a clear, precisely-formulated system utilizing principles of Newtonian mechanics inspired Michael Faraday to develop field theory for electromagnetic interaction. Other nineteenth century physicists, such as William Rowan Hamilton, Lord Kelvin, and the elasticity theorist Saint Vernant stressed the theoretical advantages of the Boscovichian atom over rigid atoms. Some even claim that Boscovichian atomism was a basis for Albert Einstein's attempts for a unified field theory and that he was the first to envisage, seek, and propose a mathematical theory of all the forces of Nature; the first scientific theory of everything.
The modern concept of nationality, based on ethnic concepts as language, culture, religion, custom, etc., was developed only in the 19th century. For this reason the attribution of a definite "nationality" to personalities of the previous centuries, living in ethnically mixed regions, is often indeterminable; Boscovich's legacy is consequently celebrated by several states: Croatia, Italy, and Serbia.
SLAVOLJUB EDUARD PENKALA
Penkala was an engineer and inventor from Croatia. He became renowned for further development of the mechanical pencil (1906) – then called an "automatic pencil" – and the first solid-ink fountain pen.
Anthony "Tony" Maglica (Croatian name Ante Maglica) (born 1930 in New York) is the owner and founder of Mag Instrument Inc, the company that manufactures the Maglite flashlight which was designed by Maglica. The Maglite is a powerful and durable flashlight that has become standard issue gear used by police officers in the USA.
Although born in New York, Maglica grew up on the island of Zlarin, which is off the coast of Croatia (then Yugoslavia). Born during the Great Depression, his family returned to their homeland. World War II ravaged Croatia, and in 1950 he returned to the United States, settling in Ontario, California. Speaking little English, he obtained work as a machinist. While working there, he learned that one of his bosses operated a side business machining hydraulic parts. Tony learned of a metal lathe for sale for $1000 and convinced the seller to accept a $125 down payment, most of his money at the time, with the remainder being paid off with monthly payments.
NAPA VALLEY WINE
Mike Grgich (born Miljenko Grgić on April 1, 1923 (age 87)) is a Croatian American winemaker. He was born into a winemaking family in the town of Desne on Croatia's coastal region of Dalmatia. He attended the University of Zagreb, where he studied viticulture and enology. However, he learned about California and wanted to leave the then-Yugoslavia to become a winemaker there. In 1954, he left communist Yugoslavia to West Germany, obtaining a fellowship to study there. From there he emigrated to Canada and upon finally receiving a job offer from a winery in California, Grgich was able to go there.
After working at a number of wineries in the Napa Valley — including Souverain Winery, Christian Brothers Cellars, Beaulieu Vineyard (working alongside André Tchelistcheff), and Robert Mondavi — Grgich became the winemaker and limited partner at Chateau Montelena. His 1973 vintage Chardonnay was selected for competition in the historic Paris Wine Tasting of 1976, where it was ranked the number one white wine. A dramatized version of the story is told in the 2008 film Bottle Shock. Bottle Shock does not mention Mike Grgich.
In recognition of his contributions to the wine industry, Grgich was inducted into the Vintner Hall of Fame on March 7, 2008. The tribute comes at the same time that Grgich is celebrating his 50th vintage of winemaking in the Napa Valley.
He is a Croatian programmer who created AMP, considered the first successful MP3 player. Two students from the University of Utah, Justin Frankel and Dmitry Boldyrev adapted it to work on Windows and called it WinAMP.
WIRELESS NON-RADIATIVE ENERGY TRANSFER
Marin Soljačić (born February 7, 1974) is a Croatian physicist and electrical engineer who invented wireless non-radiative energy transfer.
After graduating from XV Gymnasium (MIOC) in Zagreb he got a scholarship from MIT where he got his BSc in physics and electrical engineering in 1996. In 1998 he got his MSc from Princeton University and in 2000 he got his PhD in Physics. In 2005 he became a professor of Physics at MIT. In 2008, he was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship.
Ivan Đikić (May 28th, 1966, Zagreb, Croatia) received his M.D. and Ph.D. from the University of Zagreb, Croatia. After a postdoctoral tenure with Joseph Schlessinger at NYU, New York, USA, he became a group leader at the LICR, Uppsala, Sweden. In 2003, he was appointed a Professor of Biochemistry at the Goethe University Medical School, Frankfurt, Germany and from 2005 he co-ordinates work in the Tumor Biology Laboratory at the MedILS, Split, Croatia. His group focuses on the emerging role of ubiquitin and Ub-like modifiers as signalling devices controlling intracellular trafficking, gene !!, DNA repair and cancer pathogenesis. Ivan Dikic is a member of the European Molecular Biology Organization and is the recipient of several awards, including the Erik Fernstroms Pris in 2002, Boegringer Ingelheim Award 1997-2003, Glaxo SmithKlein Biomedical Award 2006, the AACR Award for the Outstanding Achievement in Cancer Research 2006, European Association for Cancer Research Young Researcher Award 2006 and the Binder Innovation Prize 2006.
Since the 1970s, PLIVA's research team, led by Dr Slobodan Dokic, had been working in the area of macrolide antibiotics. In 1981, his team of researchers, Gabrijela Kobrehel, Zrinka Tamburasev and Gorjana Radobolja-Lazarevski, synthesised a novel antibiotic named azithromycin, the first member of a new class of macrolide antibiotics, termed azalides. The newly formed molecule, azithromycin dihydrate, was obtained from the erythromycin molecule and demonstrated properties superior to those of the original molecule. Because of its exceptional therapeutic properties, azithromycin revolutionised antibiotic treatment and became one of the most successful drugs worldwide. From its early trials, it proved to be an extremely efficient antibiotic with expanded and enhanced antibacterial activity (particularly against gram-negative pathogens), prolonged and higher tissue concentration and a low incidence of gastrointestinal side effects compared to other similar antibiotics.
Azithromycin has a number of principal applications: the treatment of respiratory tract infections, skin and soft tissue infections, gastric and duodenal infections caused by Helicobacter pylori and sexually transmitted diseases. Its competitive advantages over other known antibiotics are its short dosing period (3 days as opposed to 10) and low potential for adverse drug reactions.
There are also some people who can't be claimed only by one nation but they have some connection with Croatia or Croats.
This great inventor was born in Croatia that was part of Austrian Empire in that time. He was ethnic Serb and had german citizenship. After he moved to US he took their citizenship. In his words he was proud on his serbian origin and croatian motherland but his works, inventions and legacy was for all people.
He was one of the most important contributors to the birth of commercial electricity, and is best known for his many revolutionary developments in the field of electromagnetism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Tesla's patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor, which helped usher in the Second Industrial Revolution.
(c. 1254 – January 8, 1324) was a merchant from the Venetian Republic but born in island of Korčula and his ethnic origin was old croatian family Pol and Polo was just the Venetian interpretation of that surname. He wrote Il Milione, which introduced Europeans to Central Asia and China. He learned about trading whilst his father and uncle, Niccolo and Maffeo, travelled through Asia and met Kublai Khan. In 1269, they returned to Venice to meet Marco for the first time. The three of them embarked on an epic journey to Asia, returning after 24 years to find Venice at war with Genoa; Marco was imprisoned, and dictated his stories to a cellmate. He was released in 1299, became a wealthy merchant, married and had 3 children. He died in 1324, and was buried in San Lorenzo.
Eric Bana was born Eric Banadinovich on August 9, 1968, in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. He is the younger of two brothers. His father, named Ivan Banadinovich, came from Zagreb, Croatia, and worked as a manager for Caterpiller Inc. His mother, named Eleanor Banadinovich, came from a German family and was a hairdresser.
DIEGO ARMANDO MARADONA
His ancestors still live in Croatia.
And many more....
I hope you find this article interesting and pleasant.
Sorry for my bad english.
Please shout and vote this to international so more people can see it.
Jeste vidjeli ova swapanja između Poljske i Švedske, kao i Slovenije i Njemačke... baš me zanima kamo će to dovesti i koji je cilj. Da li se to Poljska sprema na neka prekooceanska osvajanja ili im se poklanjaju neke high regije u Kanadi ili USA? Slovenija vjerojatno ide s misijom blokiranja isto kao i Mađarska koja je osvojila neke regije u Češkoj i swapala nekoliko regija u Austriji da izađe na granicu sa Poljskom... u svakom slučaju zanimljivo, a i ovime ovaj članak postaje članak o erepu.....
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