Ambient on/off

Sign up

 

Continue

Continue By creating an account you agree to the Terms of Service & Privacy Policy

[Petar II Makedonski]Запознајте ја МАКЕДОНИЈА(11) - Битола

Day 1,520, 11:09 Published in Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) by Petar II Makedonski

Битола е град во југозападниот дел на Македонија.


МКД
1.Историја:
Многу важни настани од македонската и балканската историја се случиле во Битола. Градот е граден, доградуван, рушен и повторно граден и надградуван уште од неговото прво населување во доцното бронзено доба. Потоа во хеленистичкиот период, па Римското царство, сѐ до византиското време имал статус на град со висок степен на цивилизација. Традиционално силниот трговски центар, е познат и како град на конзулите поради тоа што во еден период за време на Отоманската империја, Битола имала дури дваесет конзулати од разни европски земји[се бара извор]. Во истиот период, градот имал многу школи, меѓу другите и воена академија, којашто ја посетувал и славниот турски реформатор Кемал Ататурк. На крајот на деветнаесеттиот век бил толку силен град, што неговото население непрестано растело и го надминало бројот на населението на Белград [се бара извор]. Градот бил преполн со фабрики и фотографски дела, а занимливо е и тоа што покрај Сингер, во Битола уште во тоа време постоела фабрика за слатки. Во Битола се снимени првите фотографии и филмови, благодарејќи на браќата Манаки. Тоа било златното доба на градот. За жал, за време на Балканските војни , многу битки биле водени во околината на градот и самиот град, па многу материјални докази изгореле или биле потполно уништени. Архитектурата можела да се обнови, посебно последните петнаесетина години, а докази за сѐ што се случувало се и прераскажувањата на старите кои добро се сеќаваат. Меѓутоа, денес останале многу организации и фестивали, коишто по долг период, повторно се одржуваат. Еден од нив се одржува секој година од 29 јули до 2 август во Битола, во знак на спомен на Илинденското востание, под името „Културен фестивал Илинденски денови“.


2.Население:
Последниот попис за населението во овој град е правен во 2002 година.Според него во градот Битола имало 95.385 жители.

EN
1.History:
Antiquity and the Romans in Bitola
The Bitola area is very rich in findigs from the prehistoric period. Two important ones are Velushka Tumba, and Tumba Bara near the village of Porodin.
During the ancient period the city became an important and relevant under the name Heraclea Lyncestis is an important settlement from the Hellenistic period till the Middle Ages. It was founded by Philip 2nd of Macedon in the middle of the 4th century BC. As an important strategic point it became a prosperous city. The Romans conquered this part of the ancient Macedonia kingdom in 148 BC and destroyed the political power of Heraclea. The prosperity continued mainly due to the Roman Via Egnatia road which passed near the city. In the early Byzantine period (4th to 6th centuries AD) Heraclea was an important episcopal centre. Bitola was sacked by Ostrogothic forces, commanded by Theodoric the Great in 472 AD and, despite a large gift to him from the city's bishop, it was sacked again in 479 AD.



Early Middle ages & the Slavic arrival in Bitola
It was restored in the late 5th and early 6th century. In the late 6th century Bitola (then Heraclea) suffered successive attacks by Slavic tribes, who conquered Heraclea by the end of the century. Bitola was conquered and remained part of the First Bulgarian Empire from late 8th. The spreading of Christianity was assisted by St. Clement of Ohrid and Naum in the 9th and early 10th century. In the 10th century, Bitola was under the rule of Macedonian Tzar Samoil. He built a castle in the town, later used by his successor Gavrilo Radomir. John Skylitzes's 11th century chronicle mentions that Emperor Basil 2nd burned Gavrilo's castles in Bitola. In 1015, tsar Gavrilo Radomir was killed by his cousin Ivan Vladislav, who declared himself tsar and rebuilt the city fortress. To celebrate the occasion, a stone inscription written in the Cyrillic alphabet was set in the fortress where the Slavic name of the city is mentioned: Bitol. Two important rebelions against Byzantine rule took place in the Bitola area in 1040 and 1072. In late 11th century, Bitola was incorporated within the Buglarian state lead by tzar Kaloyan. At the end of the 13th century Bitola was conquered again by Byzantium, but became part of Serbian kingdom after the conquests of Stefan Dusan, in the first half of the 14th century.

Middle ages & the Ottomans in Bitola
As a military, political and cultural center, Bitola played a very important role in the life of the medieval society in the region, prior to the Ottoman conquest in mid-14th century. On the eve of the Ottoman conquest, Bitola (Monastir on Turkish) experienced a great boom, having well-established trading links all over the Balkans. From late 14th century to 1912, Bitola was part of the Ottoman Empire. Strong battles took place near the city during the arrival of Turkish forces. Turkish rule was completely established after the death of Prince Marko in 1395. For several centuries, Turks were a majority in this city, while the villages were populated mostly with Macedonians. Evliya Chelebi in his "Book of Travels" has noted that Bitola had 70 mosques, several coffee-tea rooms, a bazaar (market) with iron gates and 900 shops. The city of consuls as Bitola is known even today, because 12 diplomatic consuls resided in Bitola during the period 1878-1913.



Bitola during the Ilinden rebelion, division of Macedonia & the world wars
The wider Bitola region was a stronghold of the Ilinden Uprising. The uprising in the Bitola region was planned in Smilevo village in May 1903. Smilevo was defended by 600 rebels led by Dame Gruev & Georgi Sugarev, but when they were defeated, it was burned. After the Balkan wars (1912-1913) and the division of the Ottoman province of Macedonia, Bitola got into the borders of Serbia, and during the First World war, it was almost burned down, since it was near the Macedonian Front (1916-1918). 25,000 inhabitants of Bitola have died and left.During the Second World War, the Germans and later Bulgarians took control of Bitola. On November 4th 1944, the 7th Macedonian Liberation Brigade entered Bitola victoriously.

2.Population:
According to the census in 2002 in Bitola lived 95.385 inhabitants.



3.Да посетите|To see:


Bezisten
Безистен



Saat kula
Саат кула



Heraclea Lyncestis
Хераклеja Линкестис


Holy Mother of God church
Црква Света Богородица



Isak Celebi mosque
Исар Челеби џамија



Pelister National Park
Национален Парк Пелистер


Saint Demetrius church
Црква Свети Димитрија



Shirok Sokak street
Широк сокак


4.Истакнати личности:
Љубиша Георгиевски
Петар Ангелов
Тони Савевски



5.еБитолчани:
ЈАВЕТЕ СЕ ЧКЕМБАРИ :)



ЗА ШОУТ:[Petar II Makedonski]Запознајте ја МАКЕДОНИЈА(11) - Битола - http://www.erepublik.com/en/article/-petar-ii-makedonski-11--1948631/1/20

ВИДЕТЕ ИСТО ТАКА:
Охрид
Струга
Дебар
Гостивар
Тетово
Скопје
Велес
Кичево
Крушево
Демир Хисар

 

Comments

Kirijana
Kirijana Day 1,520, 14:47

o/

Apo Nenormalnio
Apo Nenormalnio Day 1,520, 14:51

\o

klimco
klimco Day 1,520, 14:53

odlicno

bocevski
bocevski Day 1,520, 15:13

yo

CelarentE
CelarentE Day 1,520, 16:22

V

Petar II Makedonski
Petar II Makedonski Day 1,521, 01:35

Kazete nekoj bitolcanec

IceMannnnnnnnn
IceMannnnnnnnn Day 1,521, 01:49

o7

porucnik mamli
porucnik mamli Day 1,522, 10:35

ubo

El Che G
El Che G Day 1,524, 01:43

o/
bravo

Gaol4e
Gaol4e Day 1,531, 01:35

jas sum bitolcanec ; ) o7

partalkoo
partalkoo Day 1,818, 14:14

tuka sum...

poletarec
poletarec Day 2,184, 21:07

v

 
Post your comment

What is this?

You are reading an article written by a citizen of eRepublik, an immersive multiplayer strategy game based on real life countries. Create your own character and help your country achieve its glory while establishing yourself as a war hero, renowned publisher or finance guru.